summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/core/modules/field/field.module
blob: 4d4d4822fa612c29e52611799dccc8630de0ef6b (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
<?php

/**
 * @file
 * Attach custom data fields to Drupal entities.
 */

use Drupal\Core\Config\ConfigImporter;
use Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityTypeInterface;
use Drupal\Core\Entity\DynamicallyFieldableEntityStorageInterface;
use Drupal\field\ConfigImporterFieldPurger;
use Drupal\field\Entity\FieldConfig;
use Drupal\field\Entity\FieldStorageConfig;
use Drupal\field\FieldConfigInterface;
use Drupal\field\FieldStorageConfigInterface;
use Drupal\Core\Form\FormStateInterface;
use Drupal\Core\Routing\RouteMatchInterface;
use Drupal\Core\Url;

/*
 * Load all public Field API functions. Drupal currently has no
 * mechanism for auto-loading core APIs, so we have to load them on
 * every page request.
 */
require_once __DIR__ . '/field.purge.inc';

/**
 * @defgroup field Field API
 * @{
 * Attaches custom data fields to Drupal entities.
 *
 * The Field API allows custom data fields to be attached to Drupal entities and
 * takes care of storing, loading, editing, and rendering field data. Any entity
 * type (node, user, etc.) can use the Field API to make itself "fieldable" and
 * thus allow fields to be attached to it. Other modules can provide a user
 * interface for managing custom fields via a web browser as well as a wide and
 * flexible variety of data type, form element, and display format capabilities.
 *
 * The Field API defines two primary data structures, FieldStorage and Field,
 * and the concept of a Bundle. A FieldStorage defines a particular type of data
 * that can be attached to entities. A Field is attached to a single
 * Bundle. A Bundle is a set of fields that are treated as a group by the Field
 * Attach API and is related to a single fieldable entity type.
 *
 * For example, suppose a site administrator wants Article nodes to have a
 * subtitle and photo. Using the Field API or Field UI module, the administrator
 * creates a field named 'subtitle' of type 'text' and a field named 'photo' of
 * type 'image'. The administrator (again, via a UI) creates two Field
 * Instances, one attaching the field 'subtitle' to the 'node' bundle 'article'
 * and one attaching the field 'photo' to the 'node' bundle 'article'. When the
 * node storage loads an Article node, it loads the values of the
 * 'subtitle' and 'photo' fields because they are both attached to the 'node'
 * bundle 'article'.
 *
 * - @link field_types Field Types API @endlink: Defines field types, widget
 *   types, and display formatters. Field modules use this API to provide field
 *   types like Text and Node Reference along with the associated form elements
 *   and display formatters.
 *
 * - @link field_purge Field API bulk data deletion @endlink: Cleans up after
 *   bulk deletion operations such as deletion of field storage or field.
 */

/**
 * Implements hook_help().
 */
function field_help($route_name, RouteMatchInterface $route_match) {
  switch ($route_name) {
    case 'help.page.field':
      $field_ui_url = \Drupal::moduleHandler()->moduleExists('field_ui') ? \Drupal::url('help.page', ['name' => 'field_ui']) : '#';
      $output = '';
      $output .= '<h3>' . t('About') . '</h3>';
      $output .= '<p>' . t('The Field module allows custom data fields to be defined for <em>entity</em> types (see below). The Field module takes care of storing, loading, editing, and rendering field data. Most users will not interact with the Field module directly, but will instead use the <a href=":field-ui-help">Field UI module</a> user interface. Module developers can use the Field API to make new entity types "fieldable" and thus allow fields to be attached to them. For more information, see the <a href=":field">online documentation for the Field module</a>.', [':field-ui-help' => $field_ui_url, ':field' => 'https://www.drupal.org/documentation/modules/field']) . '</p>';
      $output .= '<h3>' . t('Terminology') . '</h3>';
      $output .= '<dl>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Entities and entity types') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t("The website's content and configuration is managed using <em>entities</em>, which are grouped into <em>entity types</em>. <em>Content entity types</em> are the entity types for site content (such as the main site content, comments, custom blocks, taxonomy terms, and user accounts). <em>Configuration entity types</em> are used to store configuration information for your site, such as individual views in the Views module, and settings for your main site content types.") . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Entity sub-types') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('Some content entity types are further grouped into sub-types (for example, you could have article and page content types within the main site content entity type, and tag and category vocabularies within the taxonomy term entity type); other entity types, such as user accounts, do not have sub-types. Programmers use the term <em>bundle</em> for entity sub-types.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Fields and field types') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('Content entity types and sub-types store most of their text, file, and other information in <em>fields</em>. Fields are grouped by <em>field type</em>; field types define what type of data can be stored in that field, such as text, images, or taxonomy term references.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Formatters and view modes') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('Content entity types and sub-types can have one or more <em>view modes</em>, used for displaying the entity items. For instance, a content item could be viewed in full content mode on its own page, teaser mode in a list, or RSS mode in a feed. In each view mode, each field can be hidden or displayed, and if it is displayed, you can choose and configure the <em>formatter</em> that is used to display the field. For instance, a long text field can be displayed trimmed or full-length, and taxonomy term reference fields can be displayed in plain text or linked to the taxonomy term page.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Widgets and form modes') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('Content entity types and sub-types can have one or more <em>form modes</em>, used for editing. For instance, a content item could be edited in a compact format with only some fields editable, or a full format that allows all fields to be edited. In each form mode, each field can be hidden or displayed, and if it is displayed, you can choose and configure the <em>widget</em> that is used to edit the field. For instance, a taxonomy term reference field can be edited using a select list, radio buttons, or an autocomplete widget.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '</dl>';
      $output .= '<h3>' . t('Uses') . '</h3>';
      $output .= '<dl>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Enabling field types, widgets, and formatters') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('The Field module provides the infrastructure for fields; the field types, formatters, and widgets are provided by Drupal core or additional modules. Some of the modules are required; the optional modules can be enabled from the <a href=":modules">Extend administration page</a>. Additional fields, formatters, and widgets may be provided by contributed modules, which you can find in the <a href=":contrib">contributed module section of Drupal.org</a>.', [':modules' => \Drupal::url('system.modules_list'), ':contrib' => 'https://www.drupal.org/project/modules']) . '</dd>';

      $output .= '<h3>' . t('Field, widget, and formatter information') . '</h3>';

      // Make a list of all widget, formatter, and field modules currently
      // enabled, ordered by displayed module name (module names are not
      // translated).
      $items = [];
      $modules = \Drupal::moduleHandler()->getModuleList();
      $widgets = \Drupal::service('plugin.manager.field.widget')->getDefinitions();
      $field_types = \Drupal::service('plugin.manager.field.field_type')->getUiDefinitions();
      $formatters = \Drupal::service('plugin.manager.field.formatter')->getDefinitions();
      $providers = [];
      foreach (array_merge($field_types, $widgets, $formatters) as $plugin) {
        $providers[] = $plugin['provider'];
      }
      $providers = array_unique($providers);
      sort($providers);
      foreach ($providers as $provider) {
        // Skip plugins provided by core components as they do not implement
        // hook_help().
        if (isset($modules[$provider])) {
          $display = \Drupal::moduleHandler()->getName($provider);
          if (\Drupal::moduleHandler()->implementsHook($provider, 'help')) {
            $items[] = \Drupal::l($display, new Url('help.page', ['name' => $provider]));
          }
          else {
            $items[] = $display;
          }
        }
      }
      if ($items) {
        $output .= '<dt>' . t('Provided by modules') . '</dt>';
        $output .= '<dd>' . t('Here is a list of the currently enabled field, formatter, and widget modules:');
        $item_list = [
          '#theme' => 'item_list',
          '#items' => $items,
        ];
        $output .= \Drupal::service('renderer')->renderPlain($item_list);
        $output .= '</dd>';
      }

      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Provided by Drupal core') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('As mentioned previously, some field types, widgets, and formatters are provided by Drupal core. Here are some notes on how to use some of these:');
      $output .= '<ul>';
      $output .= '<li><p>' . t('<strong>Entity Reference</strong> fields allow you to create fields that contain links to other entities (such as content items, taxonomy terms, etc.) within the site. This allows you, for example, to include a link to a user within a content item. For more information, see <a href=":er_do">the online documentation for the Entity Reference module</a>.', [':er_do' => 'https://drupal.org/documentation/modules/entityreference']) . '</p>';
      $output .= '<dl>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Managing and displaying entity reference fields') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('The <em>settings</em> and the <em>display</em> of the entity reference field can be configured separately. See the <a href=":field_ui">Field UI help</a> for more information on how to manage fields and their display.', [':field_ui' => $field_ui_url]) . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Selecting reference type') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('In the field settings you can select which entity type you want to create a reference to.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Filtering and sorting reference fields') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('Depending on the chosen entity type, additional filtering and sorting options are available for the list of entities that can be referred to, in the field settings. For example, the list of users can be filtered by role and sorted by name or ID.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Displaying a reference') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('An entity reference can be displayed as a simple label with or without a link to the entity. Alternatively, the referenced entity can be displayed as a teaser (or any other available view mode) inside the referencing entity.') . '</dd>';
      $output .= '<dt>' . t('Configuring form displays') . '</dt>';
      $output .= '<dd>' . t('Reference fields have several widgets available on the <em>Manage form display</em> page:');
      $output .= '<ul>';
      $output .= '<li>' . t('The <em>Check boxes/radio buttons</em> widget displays the existing entities for the entity type as check boxes or radio buttons based on the <em>Allowed number of values</em> set for the field.') . '</li>';
      $output .= '<li>' . t('The <em>Select list</em> widget displays the existing entities in a drop-down list or scrolling list box based on the <em>Allowed number of values</em> setting for the field.') . '</li>';
      $output .= '<li>' . t('The <em>Autocomplete</em> widget displays text fields in which users can type entity labels based on the <em>Allowed number of values</em>. The widget can be configured to display all entities that contain the typed characters or restricted to those starting with those characters.') . '</li>';
      $output .= '<li>' . t('The <em>Autocomplete (Tags style)</em> widget displays a multi-text field in which users can type in a comma-separated list of entity labels.') . '</li>';
      $output .= '</ul></dd>';
      $output .= '</dl></li>';
      $output .= '<li>' . t('<strong>Number fields</strong>: When you add a number field you can choose from three types: <em>decimal</em>, <em>float</em>, and <em>integer</em>. The <em>decimal</em> number field type allows users to enter exact decimal values, with fixed numbers of decimal places. The <em>float</em> number field type allows users to enter approximate decimal values. The <em>integer</em> number field type allows users to enter whole numbers, such as years (for example, 2012) or values (for example, 1, 2, 5, 305). It does not allow decimals.') . '</li>';
      $output .= '</ul></dd>';
      $output .= '</dl>';
      return $output;
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_cron().
 */
function field_cron() {
  // Do a pass of purging on deleted Field API data, if any exists.
  $limit = \Drupal::config('field.settings')->get('purge_batch_size');
  field_purge_batch($limit);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_entity_field_storage_info().
 */
function field_entity_field_storage_info(EntityTypeInterface $entity_type) {
  if (\Drupal::entityManager()->getStorage($entity_type->id()) instanceof DynamicallyFieldableEntityStorageInterface) {
    // Query by filtering on the ID as this is more efficient than filtering
    // on the entity_type property directly.
    $ids = \Drupal::entityQuery('field_storage_config')
      ->condition('id', $entity_type->id() . '.', 'STARTS_WITH')
      ->execute();
    // Fetch all fields and key them by field name.
    $field_storages = FieldStorageConfig::loadMultiple($ids);
    $result = [];
    foreach ($field_storages as $field_storage) {
      $result[$field_storage->getName()] = $field_storage;
    }

    return $result;
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_entity_bundle_field_info().
 */
function field_entity_bundle_field_info(EntityTypeInterface $entity_type, $bundle, array $base_field_definitions) {
  if (\Drupal::entityManager()->getStorage($entity_type->id()) instanceof DynamicallyFieldableEntityStorageInterface) {
    // Query by filtering on the ID as this is more efficient than filtering
    // on the entity_type property directly.
    $ids = \Drupal::entityQuery('field_config')
      ->condition('id', $entity_type->id() . '.' . $bundle . '.', 'STARTS_WITH')
      ->execute();
    // Fetch all fields and key them by field name.
    $field_configs = FieldConfig::loadMultiple($ids);
    $result = [];
    foreach ($field_configs as $field_instance) {
      $result[$field_instance->getName()] = $field_instance;
    }

    return $result;
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_entity_bundle_delete().
 */
function field_entity_bundle_delete($entity_type_id, $bundle) {
  $storage = \Drupal::entityManager()->getStorage('field_config');
  // Get the fields on the bundle.
  $fields = $storage->loadByProperties(['entity_type' => $entity_type_id, 'bundle' => $bundle]);
  // This deletes the data for the field as well as the field themselves. This
  // function actually just marks the data and fields as deleted, leaving the
  // garbage collection for a separate process, because it is not always
  // possible to delete this much data in a single page request (particularly
  // since for some field types, the deletion is more than just a simple DELETE
  // query).
  foreach ($fields as $field) {
    $field->delete();
  }

  // We are duplicating the work done by
  // \Drupal\Core\Field\Plugin\Field\FieldType\EntityReferenceItem::onDependencyRemoval()
  // because we need to take into account bundles that are not provided by a
  // config entity type so they are not part of the config dependencies.

  // Gather a list of all entity reference fields.
  $map = \Drupal::entityManager()->getFieldMapByFieldType('entity_reference');
  $ids = [];
  foreach ($map as $type => $info) {
    foreach ($info as $name => $data) {
      foreach ($data['bundles'] as $bundle_name) {
        $ids[] = "$type.$bundle_name.$name";
      }
    }
  }

  // Update the 'target_bundles' handler setting if needed.
  foreach (FieldConfig::loadMultiple($ids) as $field_config) {
    if ($field_config->getSetting('target_type') == $entity_type_id) {
      $handler_settings = $field_config->getSetting('handler_settings');
      if (isset($handler_settings['target_bundles'][$bundle])) {
        unset($handler_settings['target_bundles'][$bundle]);
        $field_config->setSetting('handler_settings', $handler_settings);
        $field_config->save();
      }
    }
  }
}

/**
 * @} End of "defgroup field".
 */

/**
 * Assembles a partial entity structure with initial IDs.
 *
 * @param object $ids
 *   An object with the properties entity_type (required), entity_id (required),
 *   revision_id (optional) and bundle (optional).
 *
 * @return \Drupal\Core\Entity\EntityInterface
 *   An entity, initialized with the provided IDs.
 */
function _field_create_entity_from_ids($ids) {
  $id_properties = [];
  $entity_type = \Drupal::entityManager()->getDefinition($ids->entity_type);
  if ($id_key = $entity_type->getKey('id')) {
    $id_properties[$id_key] = $ids->entity_id;
  }
  if (isset($ids->revision_id) && $revision_key = $entity_type->getKey('revision')) {
    $id_properties[$revision_key] = $ids->revision_id;
  }
  if (isset($ids->bundle) && $bundle_key = $entity_type->getKey('bundle')) {
    $id_properties[$bundle_key] = $ids->bundle;
  }
  return \Drupal::entityTypeManager()
    ->getStorage($ids->entity_type)
    ->create($id_properties);
}

/**
 * Implements hook_config_import_steps_alter().
 */
function field_config_import_steps_alter(&$sync_steps, ConfigImporter $config_importer) {
  $field_storages = ConfigImporterFieldPurger::getFieldStoragesToPurge(
    $config_importer->getStorageComparer()->getSourceStorage()->read('core.extension'),
    $config_importer->getStorageComparer()->getChangelist('delete')
  );
  if ($field_storages) {
    // Add a step to the beginning of the configuration synchronization process
    // to purge field data where the module that provides the field is being
    // uninstalled.
    array_unshift($sync_steps, ['\Drupal\field\ConfigImporterFieldPurger', 'process']);
  };
}

/**
 * Implements hook_form_FORM_ID_alter().
 *
 * Adds a warning if field data will be permanently removed by the configuration
 * synchronization.
 *
 * @see \Drupal\field\ConfigImporterFieldPurger
 */
function field_form_config_admin_import_form_alter(&$form, FormStateInterface $form_state) {
  // Only display the message when there is a storage comparer available and the
  // form is not submitted.
  $user_input = $form_state->getUserInput();
  $storage_comparer = $form_state->get('storage_comparer');
  if ($storage_comparer && empty($user_input)) {
    $field_storages = ConfigImporterFieldPurger::getFieldStoragesToPurge(
      $storage_comparer->getSourceStorage()->read('core.extension'),
      $storage_comparer->getChangelist('delete')
    );
    if ($field_storages) {
      foreach ($field_storages as $field) {
        $field_labels[] = $field->label();
      }
      \Drupal::messenger()->addWarning(\Drupal::translation()->formatPlural(
        count($field_storages),
        'This synchronization will delete data from the field %fields.',
        'This synchronization will delete data from the fields: %fields.',
        ['%fields' => implode(', ', $field_labels)]
      ));
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_ENTITY_TYPE_update() for 'field_storage_config'.
 *
 * Reset the field handler settings, when the storage target_type is changed on
 * an entity reference field.
 */
function field_field_storage_config_update(FieldStorageConfigInterface $field_storage) {
  if ($field_storage->isSyncing()) {
    // Don't change anything during a configuration sync.
    return;
  }

  // Act on all sub-types of the entity_reference field type.
  /** @var \Drupal\Core\Field\FieldTypePluginManager $field_type_manager */
  $field_type_manager = \Drupal::service('plugin.manager.field.field_type');
  $item_class = 'Drupal\Core\Field\Plugin\Field\FieldType\EntityReferenceItem';
  $class = $field_type_manager->getPluginClass($field_storage->getType());
  if ($class !== $item_class && !is_subclass_of($class, $item_class)) {
    return;
  }

  // If target_type changed, reset the handler in the fields using that storage.
  if ($field_storage->getSetting('target_type') !== $field_storage->original->getSetting('target_type')) {
    foreach ($field_storage->getBundles() as $bundle) {
      $field = FieldConfig::loadByName($field_storage->getTargetEntityTypeId(), $bundle, $field_storage->getName());
      // Reset the handler settings. This triggers field_field_config_presave(),
      // which will take care of reassigning the handler to the correct
      // derivative for the new target_type.
      $field->setSetting('handler_settings', []);
      $field->save();
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_ENTITY_TYPE_presave() for 'field_config'.
 *
 * Determine the selection handler plugin ID for an entity reference field.
 */
function field_field_config_presave(FieldConfigInterface $field) {
  // Don't change anything during a configuration sync.
  if ($field->isSyncing()) {
    return;
  }

  // Act on all sub-types of the entity_reference field type.
  /** @var \Drupal\Core\Field\FieldTypePluginManager $field_type_manager */
  $field_type_manager = \Drupal::service('plugin.manager.field.field_type');
  $item_class = 'Drupal\Core\Field\Plugin\Field\FieldType\EntityReferenceItem';
  $class = $field_type_manager->getPluginClass($field->getType());
  if ($class !== $item_class && !is_subclass_of($class, $item_class)) {
    return;
  }

  // Make sure the selection handler plugin is the correct derivative for the
  // target entity type.
  $target_type = $field->getFieldStorageDefinition()->getSetting('target_type');
  $selection_manager = \Drupal::service('plugin.manager.entity_reference_selection');
  list($current_handler) = explode(':', $field->getSetting('handler'), 2);
  $field->setSetting('handler', $selection_manager->getPluginId($target_type, $current_handler));

  // In case we removed all the target bundles allowed by the field in
  // EntityReferenceItem::onDependencyRemoval() or field_entity_bundle_delete()
  // we have to log a critical message because the field will not function
  // correctly anymore.
  $handler_settings = $field->getSetting('handler_settings');
  if (isset($handler_settings['target_bundles']) && $handler_settings['target_bundles'] === []) {
    \Drupal::logger('entity_reference')->critical('The %field_name entity reference field (entity_type: %entity_type, bundle: %bundle) no longer has any valid bundle it can reference. The field is not working correctly anymore and has to be adjusted.', [
      '%field_name' => $field->getName(),
      '%entity_type' => $field->getTargetEntityTypeId(),
      '%bundle' => $field->getTargetBundle(),
    ]);
  }
}